Famous abandoned city in us
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Though there are some seriously spooky haunted /18443.txt out there, these ghost towns are almost more frightening. Famous abandoned city in us abandoned cities stretch all throughout America, and are rumored to be extra eerie. Most of them were once prosperous mining towns filled with people hoping to make it rich by discovering gold or silver. Now, many have been untouched for over a hundred years yet some still have a ton of historic buildings somehow still standing.
There are ghost towns all over the U. Not all of them are rumored to actually be haunted placesbut some do have spirits of former business owners or residents wandering around the general stores or old jails.
Not all of them are totally defunct, either. Ready to plan your trip, or take a virtual one? Check out this roundup of the best ghost towns America has to offer. Although you probably won’t find any silver in this one-time mining hot spot, you famous abandoned city in us experience a goldmine of activities in this ghost town turned tourist attraction. At Calico Ghost Town —now a California historical landmark—you can explore Maggie Mine, the only formerly used mine in the area that’s safe for guests to see.
You can also take a ride on Calico Odessa Railroad to see all of the sights. If you’re really feeling daring, you can even participate in one of the spooky ghost tours!
On the eastern edge of Death Valley sits Rhyolitea former mining hub. At its peak inthis town boasted a hospital, an opera house, and a stock exchange. The area seemed so promising that even Charles M.
Schwab invested and bought one of the mines. Unfortunately, it didn’t take long for the thousands of people to scatter: A financial crises, natural disasters, and the loss of funding caused nearly every resident to leave the Nevada spot by Aptly named, Goldfield was swarming with miners hopeful for gold in the late s, but was dried up by The area was inhabited and renamed Youngsberg inbut was abandoned once again in Inthe defunct city took the route of a few other ghost towns and became a tourist attraction with a handful of activities including a zipline, a reptile exhibit, and horseback rides.
There’s also a museum, a saloon, and other different merchants. Formerly named Forest City, St. Elmo famous abandoned city in us once a bustling mining center with a population of 2, at its peak. Bythough, only seven people reportedly resided there, including the family who ran the famous abandoned city in us store and the hotel—one who is rumored to haunt the place to this day. Now privately owned and maintained, visitors can still swing by the small city, which is said to have some of the жмите сюда paranormal activity famous abandoned city in us the state.
Though most of its residents fled after the market for mercury crashed, Terlingua actually remains fairly bustling. Visitors can snack on chili at the “internationally acclaimed” restaurantgrab a drink at the saloon, explore the ruins, and wander the halls of the old jail during their time at the historic hotspot.
Interested in experiencing the mortal fear of trying to stay alive in the gun-slinging Old West? The former residence of Calamity Jane, Virginia City has resisted change sincewith hundreds of historic buildings still узнать больше здесь. Ride a train between the two cities where you can witness early settlers struggle to survive and actual historic events through living history shows the hanging of Red Yeager, anyone?
The reality of life in a Gold Rush town is likely to leave you shaking famous abandoned city in us your cowboy boots. Abandoned by the discouraged gold rushers who followed William Bodie to the town to try—but not succeed—to find more of the precious metal he had discovered inthis well-known ghost town in California has been left eerily untouched for more than years.
Shacks still stand with tables set, waiting for their long-gone residents to return, while shops and restaurants are still stocked up with some ссылка на подробности, prepared to service customers who will never famous abandoned city in us.
If that isn’t spooky, what is? Southwest of Selma lies “Alabama’s most famous ghost town. Unfortunately, its residents all drifted away for good by Now known as Old Cahawba Archaeological Parkthe town and its abandoned streets, cemeteries and ruins have been the setting for many ghost stories, including one about a ghostly famous abandoned city in us appearing in a now-vanished garden maze at the home of C. Considered the best remaining example of early 20th-century copper mining, this mill town is at the end of a mile dirt road in the middle of Alaska’s massive Wrangell—St.
Elias National Park. As a company town, it included a hospital, general store, school, skating rink, tennis court, recreation hall, and dairy. Byhowever, the copper ore was tapped out, and the Kennecott Copper Corporation abruptly abandoned the town, leaving behind their equipment, their buildings, and their personal belongings.
The National Park Service and tour operators offer guided access to the story concentration mill and several other historic buildings, telling tales of lucky fortunes, tenacious frontiersmen, and tragic endings in the remote wilderness. This desolate former mining town in Montana is so riddled with paranormal activity it was featured in an episode of the Travel Channel’s Ghost Adventures.
After gold was discovered in nearby Virginia City, many prospectors moved there and the road between the two towns became the scene of more holdups, robberies and murders than almost any other stagecoach route—with the leader of the outlaw gang later discovered to be Bannack’s very own sheriff.
The mining town lasted longer than most, with its population finally petering out between andat which point the state of Montana made the well-preserved town a state park. Today, over sixty structures are still standing, most of which can be explored.
Another well-preserved mining town in the American West, South Pass City was founded in when the large Carissa gold deposit was discovered near the Sweetwater River. Located about 10 miles north of the Oregon Trail on the Continental Divide in the Rocky Mountains, throngs of prospectors soon descended on the area despite the severe conditions, hoping to also strike it rich.
Within a year, the population had swelled to about 2, people, mostly men, and saloons, brothels, and the boisterous and dangerous life of a frontier town were in full swing. Despite throwing themselves into the back-breaking work, the prospectors didn’t find more large gold deposits, so by the mid s, only people remained. Homes, stores, hotels and saloons fell into disrepair, with the last of famous abandoned city in us pioneer families moving away in Today, a handful of residents have returned to live in South Pass City, and the South Pass City State Historic Site features more than 30 preserved historic structures dating from the city’s heyday.
With smoke and noxious gases escaping from every nook and cranny, this Pennsylvania town has been smoldering since —and its underground fire is expected to burn for more years.
A landfill burn gone awry sparked the fire in an abandoned coal mine, which quickly spread into the veins of the coal deposits that had once been the key to Centralia ‘s prosperity. When the initial damage was done, the catastrophe had scorched acres of the town and the surrounding area. Residents evacuated, homes were leveled, and the highway was closed down as the massive fire caused gaping sinkholes spewing fumes. Of the nearly 2, Centralia residents who were there when the mines caught fire, only six still remain, determined to make the few streets and buildings in this doomed town their home until they die.
Thurmond ‘s empty downtown belies the fact that five people still actually live in this West Virginia town, now a ghost of the thriving community it used to be. The train depot is now a museum, Amtrak station, and visitors’ center for travelers who come to the region to raft on the New River Gorge National River, and the quaint Thurmond Historic District is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Surprisingly untouched by modern development, Thurmond is a throwback to an American town of the past, an unsettling reminder of how prosperity can be fleeting.
During the s, 50s, and 60s, travelers packed Route 66, sending tens of thousands of people through Glenrioa tiny town on the border of Texas and New Mexico that offered motorists a road stop with gas stations, diners, bars, western-themed motels, and even a dance hall. When I was built in the s, however, drivers now bypassed the former overnight desert famous abandoned city in us.
Listed on the Famous abandoned city in us Register of Historic Places, the Glenrio Historic District includes the old Route 66 roadbed and 17 abandoned buildings, like famous abandoned city in us Little Juarez Diner, the State Line bar, and the State Line Motel, its now-broken signs announcing to nonexistent motorists that it’s the “last in Texas”—or the “first” depending on your direction of travel through the American West.
Cleared of its natural forest in by Charles Bulow to establish a 2,acre plantation to grow sugar cane, cotton, indigo, famous abandoned city in us rice, this East Florida land soon also housed the area’s largest sugar mill, built by Bulow’s son, John. Its title didn’t last long, however, as основываясь на этих данных Seminole Indians set fire to the plantation and mill in during the Second Seminole War.
Built of hardy local coquina rock, the mill’s massive ruins now rise eerily among the large oak trees that have reclaimed the land in the acre Bulow Plantation Ruins Historic State Parkwhile the crumbling foundations of the plantation house and slave cabins show the volatility of Florida frontier life.
A prison is always haunting, but an abandoned one exudes an even creepier feeling, especially the austere Victorian-style Essex Famous abandoned city in us Jail Annex in New Jersey. First built in and expanded over the years to include an auditorium, hospital, and cafeteria, much of the facility was closed down in the s and it was abandoned for good in the late s.
Left to decay and vandalism by thrill-seekers, inmates’ files filled with mugshots and rap sheets soon covered the floor of the auditorium, while shotgun ports and tear gas modules on the ceilings of the mess hall remain to remind trespassers of their potential harrowing fate should they be judged criminals.
In its heyday, the Grossinger’s Catskill Resort was the sort of seasonal retreat featured in Dirty Dancingwhere well-to-do families in the s spent their summers lounging by its two massive swimming pools, playing golf or tennis, and enjoying the lush 1,acre surroundings just two hours north of New York City.
In the winters, it offered theatre and skiing, the first place in the world to use artificial snow on its slopes. Of the cabins, cottages, hotel, landing strip, post office and more that served the resort’s hundreds of thousands of guests until it closed in the mid s, a few exquisite places still remain undemolished or horribly vandalized. One is the stately natatorium, gorgeously overgrown with moss and ferns, with sunlight streaming through its windows and skylights onto the graffitied pool and abandoned lounge chairs.
The other is the hotel’s lobby and ballroom where the twin staircases, massive fireplaces and a checkerboard ceiling suggest its former glory. If you listen hard enough, you might still hear the tinkling of cocktail glasses or the clicks of heels dancing the foxtrot.
Famous abandoned city in us in and expanded several times, the Rolling Acres Mall once housed more famous abandoned city in us stores, a movie national grid ri power outage number and famous abandoned city in us food court. Inthe mall was приведенная ссылка and only two large retailers continued to operate, with all stores finally closing in Having changed owners several times and currently in the process of foreclosure, the once-bustling mall famous abandoned city in us likely be demolished.
Until then, the 1,square-foot space remains an eerily empty relic of modern civilization, with its cracked glass ceilings letting in famous abandoned city in us during winter storms as if the structure stands alone in a post-apocalyptic wasteland. Country Life. Design Ideas. Home Maintenance. Country Living Shop.
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The Most Fascinating Abandoned Places In The United States.
When the resort closed in shortly after the death of its founder, Frances Paolillo, the property was in a state of significant physical and financial distress. Monroe County subsequently took ownership of the abandoned property, selling off a few parcels over the next several years but leaving the majority of it to decay.
Scavengers broke in and stole copper wiring and other materials, and damage to the skylights and windows has led to flooding, water damage and mold. Weeds, trash and other debris litter the property, and a tree has burst through the cracked surface of the tennis courts. The remaining structures were set to be demolished soon afterward to make way for new development on the derelict site, but as of , the remains of the resort were still standing and attracting urban explorers.
Urban exploration of abandoned hotels is no fun if one of your hands is occupied with a flashlight. Save yourself with a headlamp, one of the most versatile pieces of urbex gear. Though it closed its doors to guests more than four decades ago, the remains of the International Hotel of Ponce have endured, becoming something of a beloved symbol on the island. Its futuristic style was the handiwork of American architect William Tabler, and its perch atop El Vigia Hill afforded visitors spectacular views of the Caribbean.
The acre property featured a large swimming pool, ballroom, restaurant and cocktail lounge. But within 15 years, the hotel abruptly closed for reasons that are still undetermined. The structure was used as temporary housing for survivors of a landslide in the neighboring Mameyes community, but was abandoned again once the residents were permanently relocated.
Several subsequent attempts at redevelopment fell through, including plans to repurpose it as a new hotel and convention center, a housing complex for seniors and a residence for homeless LGBTQ youth.
In , the latest ownership group announced that the hotel would be converted into a Tribute Portfolio by Marriott Hotel with a casino, spa, night club and several restaurants. In addition to being widely credited with inventing the radio, Guglielmo Marconi also commissioned the construction of a California luxury hotel for use by his staff and their guests. The hotel was built next to his trans-Pacific radio receiving station and featured 35 rooms as well as a library, dining hall, game room and lounge.
During the first World War, the U. In the s, a drug and alcohol rehabilitation center known as Synanon took over the property. However, the so-called church began losing members after it drifted into cult territory, demanding that its female acolytes shave their heads and the men receive vasectomies. When its leader was charged with attempted murder in , the church dissolved completely. The campus was then given to the state and assimilated into the Marconi Conference Center State Historic Park, but the hotel building was left to decay.
The six-story brick and limestone building was designed in the Georgian Revival style and constructed in an H-shape that afforded a window to each of the units. The hotel would change names several more times over the next decade before acquiring the Ambassador moniker in Over the next quarter-century, downtown Jacksonville entered a physical and economic downward spiral.
Despite having been placed on the National Register of Historic Places, the hotel was condemned in due to faulty wiring, substandard sanitation and lighting, cracked walls, locked fire exits and other health and safety issues. Over the next 20 years, multiple efforts to save the Ambassador were launched without success.
The group also plans to demolish the adjacent building and replace it with a unit apartment building and 15, square-foot retail development. Cameras, headlamps, respirators and more. An example of data being processed may be a unique identifier stored in a cookie. Some of our partners may process your data as a part of their legitimate business interest without asking for consent. To view the purposes they believe they have legitimate interest for, or to object to this data processing use the vendor list link below.
Manage Settings Continue with Recommended Cookies. When you hear the term ghost town, you might think of a radioactive city such as Chernobyl or Fukushima. Below are 19 of the best ghost towns in the USA. Like many ghost towns, St. Elmo was a town built off the back of the great mining boom in in the late s. Elmo was made up of nearly all men, so there plenty of saloons, dance halls, and brothels for the miners entertainment.
What more could a miner ask for? Overtime, the metal mines began to close, and by the town was on a significant downward spiral. By the railway was torn up and turned into a road. The only people that still called St. Elmo home was the Stark family. They rented out cabins to tourists and travelers while also just barely keeping the general store afloat. The Stark family eventually died off, and the town was left to a close friend of theirs.
Ever since, claims of ghostly children playing around the hotel have been reported. There have also been several sightings of the now passed Stark family roaming among the buildings. Elmo is one of the best preserved ghost towns in the USA. Bannack was founded just after a massive gold deposit discovery in , and quickly grew in size towards the end of the s. The town was cut off from all other cities, and only accessible via the Montana Trail.
However instead of protecting his town, he was secretly robbing them blind. Henry ran a gang of highwaymen called The Innocents. These men would rob stage coaches as well as caravans and leave them for dead. The citizens of Bannack eventually caught on, and rallied a group of vigilantes to bring Plummer and his gang to justice. Plummer, was hanged on his own gallows on January 10th.
The vigilantes would up and hang another 22 bandits that were associated with Plummer. Like most ghost towns in the USA, Bannack was ripe with both crime, and vigilante justice. As the gold in the mines dissipated, so did the people of Bannock. By preservationists had purchased the land, not to open it as a tourist attraction, but to save it as it was over years ago. The dusty ghost town of Steins was founded in after gold and silver deposits were discovered in the Peloncillo mountains.
The town grew as the Southern Pacific Railroad ran a rail line to the growing community. In a rock crushing plant was built nearby as well to help support the tracks. Steins was so isolated from civilization, that their only source of water had to be brought via train.
Even then, people lived and thrived in the town all the way up until the s. With the quarry ceasing operations, they would no longer be subsidizing the water that was coming into the town. The locals were left with a choice. Leave everything behind, or eventually die of dehydration in the New Mexico desert.
Steins is truly one of the most isolated ghost towns in the USA. The railroad allowed for free transportation out of town, but residents could only take what they could carry. The town was completely deserted for 40 years until it was purchased by Larry and Linda Link. They operated ghost tours from the property until Larry Link was unexpectedly murdered in The tours have since ceased, and the town sits vacant. Mineral and gold deposits were found up and down the Colorado river in the s.
Quickly prospecting camps sprouted up and Castle Dome Landing was born. Serious mining was delayed until nearly due to attacks by the Native Americans. Castle Dome Landing was a hub for ore shipments to be sent out all across the county, but primarily to California. Soon the population would grow to nearly residents. Castle Dome was one of the first stops for steamboats traveling up the Colorado river. By mining in the area had dwindled almost entirely.
The town would continue to fluctuate in populate as the price of silver rose and fell. By the last mine had shutdown and there were no residents left. The original site of Castle Dome Landing has been flooded, but many artifact have been rescued and can be found in the Castle Dome Museum.
The town formed like all the other boomtowns, centralized around deposits of gold and silver. By Bodie had a population of nearly and all the amenities that would accommodate large towns. This lured many miners away, but the mines in Bodie were still strong. The real decline started in when the Bodie Railroad was abandoned and scrapped. Nearly all the mining companies had left and all that remained were residents, mostly family of miners who wanted to settle.
In nearly everyone was gone, and the threat of vandalism and arson loomed as the abandoned town sat unprotected. Caretakers were hired to protect the historic town, and by the Bodie State Historic Park was formed. Today original structures remain standing for anyone to explore. Tucked away in the sleepy hills of the Garnet Mountains is a cluster of decaying buildings that have manged to withstand the tests of time for over years.
By the mid s the gold rush was in full swing. Miners had panned the nearby rivers so much, its was deemed unprofitable. Luckily a few found gold rich veins in the Garnet mountains, and the town seemed to pop up over night. By nearly people lived in Garnet.
Buildings were quickly and hazardously constructed often times with little to no foundation. Since it has exploded in popularity, urban explorers have filled the internet with pictures and videos of abandoned places all over the world. Even if you are not free to physically travel to the site, you can enjoy it online through the lens of the urbex blogger. Maybe add your own explorations online as well.
One of the easiest ways to find sites to explore is by using the website Flickr. Flickr is a website where people share their photography online. How useful is that! First, find Flickr. When there, search for urban exploration or urbex and you will see lists of hundreds of groups of urban explorers. Click on any group you like. Some groups are location-specific, you may find one in your area. Browse around. You can locate some really cool sites.
Search urban explorers, or urbex forums online. People from all over the world like to post their latest urbex adventure. Many of their posts include pictures and the location of the site. Many have directories where you easily choose the location-specific data you seek.
They are all free to check out. Remember, even as a newbie, you have access to the same resources and tools as experienced urbex. The biggest resource available is Google, of course. Google Maps, more specifically, is ideal for hunting locations. Use keyword-specific requests to locate sites near you. Learn more about finding abandoned places with Google Maps.
Hidden in the United States are many interesting abandoned sites awaiting exploration. From asylums to prison camps, breweries to an old power plant, historically relevant or not, all hold interest to the urban explorer. Seeking out these sights, long ago abandoned, and investigating first hand the remains of the building, is the heart of urbex. Standing in the quiet stillness of ruin, enveloped in the vibrations of its past life, one can only imagine the lives touched by the site.
For better or for worse, their lives were changed. The urban explorer seeks out places such as these listed herein. The Arctic Discoverer sits in mud, languishing forgotten in an old boatyard just south of Jacksonville, Florida. Its current condition is in stark contrast to its once-famous past. The Arctic Discoverer was instrumental in the recovery of the largest shipwreck treasure in recent history.
On September 9 the ship found itself trapped in a hurricane off the coast of South Carolina. No alarm was sounded since the ship was large and built to weather the storm.
The ship performed admirably for two days but by the 11th of September with the drive shaft broken the ship floundered, taking on water. A nearby vessel, The Marine, rescued lives, but the SS Central America sank with passengers and the 21 tons of gold cargo onboard.
Fast forward to , when treasure hunter Tommy Thompson made a concerted effort to locate the wreck, and the gold, which had been sitting at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean for over years. But the big payday never came. And from there, the story gets even more enjoyable. Check it out!
This mountaintop amusement park opened in and had many successful years before its closure in Wildly popular through the s and 80s, it is now an abandoned ghost town ripe for urban exploration. Plans made for a major renovation and reopening of the park stalled in brought and the grand reopening never happened. This property now stands empty, awaiting a new owner to bring it back to life.
The park was modeled after real western ghost towns and featured hourly live-action shows. Bad guys shooting it out with the sheriff, damsels in distress, and the live-action saloon made this park a family favorite.
Ghost Town in The Sky was aptly named. The park stands at an elevation of 4, feet, atop Buck Mountain, in the Smokey Mountains. The Old West Street is still intact, and all the buildings still have their original furnishings. In the Silver Dollar Saloon, you will still find the chandelier hanging from the ceiling.
Urban explorers will delight in the exploration of this authentic old west experience. Once the largest facility for the mentally ill in the state of Washington, the Northern State Hospital was a city unto itself. Established in , the hospital was intended to be a safe and therapeutic colony for the patients. Relying heavily on occupational therapy as its main treatment modality, the patients maintained the hospital, the farm, and several associated production facilities.
The hospital site included patient and staff housing, a water reservoir, sewage treatment facilities, lumber mill, quarry, steam plant, greenhouse, library, laundry, dining room, bakery, dairy, and a acre farm for growing vegetables and raising livestock.
A cemetery is also included in the site plan. In addition to the therapeutic effects of manual labor, patients were subjected to many less than ethical treatments as well, such as lobotomies, electro-shook therapy, and sterilizations. All of which doctors at the time thought would cure mental illness. At its peak, the hospital held more than 2, patients. As part of the trend toward community treatments and deinstitutionalization, the facilities were closed in Parts of the campus are still being using today for Job Corps training and a drug treatment program.
You can also explore the cemetery onsite, the resting place of former patients. Agnes Catholic Church now stands abandoned. Constructed in , the church was at the center of a densely populated area of the city.
The parish grew rapidly, as did the surrounding community. By the 50th anniversary, the church had grown so large as to require three priests and 22 nuns to run the parish and the Catholic girls school adjacent to the church. But soon, things would change for the worse for the church and the community. In , racial tensions and violent riots burned most of the 12th Street neighborhood, but St. Agnes escaped the flames. By the s, the area began to experience the loss of thousands of jobs in the automobile industry.
In there were only families still worshipping there, not enough to cover the operating costs of such a large church. The Diocese put the church up for sale, but the new owner never took possession. It has stood open to the elements and vandals, a gothic wonder to behold.
If you are looking for something out of the ordinary, visit the abandoned subterranean Titan 1 Missile silo site located in Deer Creek, Colorado, a minute drive from Denver. A relic of the Cold War, the Titan 1 missile silos once housed Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles designed to carry a nuclear warhead to another continent. These sites were only active from — , replaced by a more efficient delivery system, the Titan II.
After decommissioning the sites in , the government removed all the equipment and passed the sites onto new owners leaving behind a maze of underground tunnels in the Rocky Mountains foothills. The foot deep shaft is 55 feet wide, supported by a network of underground tunnels, fuel storage tanks, filtration systems, and much more. Be sure to see the 3-ton blast doors rusting on their hinges.
Arrests of several people for trespassing at this site, so be ready to assume entry risks. With no electric power or natural light, the silo is housed in pitch blackness.
Bring a strong flashlight and a backup to navigate the treacherous passageways. While there is no risk of radiation exposure, the place is full of rust, asbestos, and other chemicals, so wear a mask with filtration. During the early s, a tuberculosis epidemic swept through Washington, DC, filling hospitals to overcapacity. The area needed a dedicated hospital for tuberculosis patients. Glenn Dale Hospital opened in to care for the overabundance of tuberculosis patients and stop the spread of the disease.
With little known about the disease, the treatment for tuberculosis patients was isolation. Patients with the condition often spent months to years confined in the tuberculosis sanitarium. Medical treatment at that time consisted of plenty of fresh air and sunshine and little else. Connecting the 34 buildings on site is a vast array of underground tunnels used to move patients during inclement weather.
These tunnels are flooded and inaccessible now. The s saw the discovery of antibiotics, and doctors found new methods of treating tuberculosis. With dwindling patient numbers, the hospital reopened as a nursing home in Later, repurposed again, the site was a community health center. It finally closed in when the cost of asbestos removal and building maintenance were prohibitively expensive, and the buildings have been vacant since.
A private security firm guards the site. If you are on the hunt for a great respirator to more safely observe some of these incredible abandoned places in the United States, we highly recommend the 3M for a full-face option and the North if you would prefer a half-face option. Find more respirator options in our in-depth guide.
A very unusual site for urban exploration is in Croaker, Virginia. Each of the statues weighs 5 — 10 tons and stands 18 feet tall. Inspired by Mount Rushmore, Presidents Park opened in Williamsburg as a joint venture between Houston-based sculptor David Adickes, who sculpted the busts, and Everette Newman, a local who supplied the land.
The park generated controversy from its opening in , with locals calling it a tacky eyesore. Several of the large busts were damaged by the cranes moving them. All the figures have been victimized by the elements, cracking and peeling in the harsh climate. Most of the heads are still available to view, although a few have been abducted to grace RV park entrances or local hotels.
One of the most famous abandoned places for urban exploration in South Carolina is the vacant and crumbling South Carolina Lunatic Asylum. Located in Columbia, the Asylum opened to patients in Quickly filling, construction began on the second building in This building took over 25 years to complete with , square feet of space, 1, windows, and inch thick walls. Built according to standard practices of the day for treating the mentally ill, the buildings featured south-facing windows to let in the fresh air and sunshine.
Despite the architectural elements designed to promote healing, patients frequently complained about the cramped rooms, inadequate ventilation, and frequent flooding of the ground floor. Many county jails started sending inmates to the asylum, swelling its patient population to more than 1,, compared to only 20 years earlier. In the 20th-century, pharmaceutical advancements and outpatient treatments resulted in the discharge of many patients to the community. The Asylum closed its doors in Several fires since then have left the historic buildings in deplorable condition.
On the acre campus, only two buildings remain mostly intact. In the heart of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is a gigantic fortress known as the Eastern State Penitentiary. One time hailed as a monumental improvement in the penal system, as many as similar fort-like structures around the world are modeled after this breakthrough in prison reform. Designed to produce penitent prisoners, it instead produced madness.
At the time prisons were corrupt and mistreatment of prisoners was common. The Society designed this prison to make prisoners penitent, hence the new name for prisons, the penitentiary. Compared to other prisons of the time, Eastern State Penitentiary was a model of order and a technological wonder.
During the s, everyone including the President Andrew Jackson was still using a chamber pot. Prisoners were not allowed any contact at all with other prisoners. They ate their meals alone in their cell and had a private time for outdoor exercise.