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Southeast Asia is one of the most vulnerable regions to climate change in the world. The vast majority of Southeast Asia falls within the warm, humid tropics, and its climate generally can be characterised as monsoonal.

The animals of Southeast Asia are diverse; on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra , the orangutan , the Asian elephant , the Malayan tapir , the Sumatran rhinoceros and the Bornean clouded leopard can also be found. Six subspecies of the binturong or bearcat exist in the region, though the one endemic to the island of Palawan is now classed as vulnerable. Tigers of three different subspecies are found on the island of Sumatra the Sumatran tiger , in peninsular Malaysia the Malayan tiger , and in Indochina the Indochinese tiger ; all of which are endangered species.

The Komodo dragon is the largest living species of lizard and inhabits the islands of Komodo , Rinca , Flores , and Gili Motang in Indonesia. The Philippine eagle is the national bird of the Philippines.

It is considered by scientists as the largest eagle in the world, [] and is endemic to the Philippines’ forests. The wild Asian water buffalo , and on various islands related dwarf species of Bubalus such as anoa were once widespread in Southeast Asia; nowadays the domestic Asian water buffalo is common across the region, but its remaining relatives are rare and endangered.

The mouse deer , a small tusked deer as large as a toy dog or cat, mostly can be found on Sumatra, Borneo Indonesia , and in Palawan Islands Philippines. The gaur , a gigantic wild ox larger than even wild water buffalo, is found mainly in Indochina.

There is very little scientific information available regarding Southeast Asian amphibians. Birds such as the green peafowl and drongo live in this subregion as far east as Indonesia. The babirusa , a four-tusked pig, can be found in Indonesia as well.

The hornbill was prized for its beak and used in trade with China. The horn of the rhinoceros, not part of its skull, was prized in China as well. The Indonesian Archipelago is split by the Wallace Line. This line runs along what is now known to be a tectonic plate boundary, and separates Asian Western species from Australasian Eastern species.

As the pace of development accelerates and populations continue to expand in Southeast Asia, concern has increased regarding the impact of human activity on the region’s environment. A significant portion of Southeast Asia, however, has not changed greatly and remains an unaltered home to wildlife.

The nations of the region, with only a few exceptions, have become aware of the need to maintain forest cover not only to prevent soil erosion but to preserve the diversity of flora and fauna. Indonesia, for example, has created an extensive system of national parks and preserves for this purpose. Even so, such species as the Javan rhinoceros face extinction, with only a handful of the animals remaining in western Java. The shallow waters of the Southeast Asian coral reefs have the highest levels of biodiversity for the world’s marine ecosystems, where coral, fish, and molluscs abound.

According to Conservation International, marine surveys suggest that the marine life diversity in the Raja Ampat Indonesia is the highest recorded on Earth. Diversity is considerably greater than any other area sampled in the Coral Triangle composed of Indonesia, the Philippines, and Papua New Guinea.

The Coral Triangle is the heart of the world’s coral reef biodiversity, the Verde Passage is dubbed by Conservation International as the world’s “center of the center of marine shorefish biodiversity”.

The whale shark , the world’s largest species of fish and 6 species of sea turtles can also be found in the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean territories of the Philippines. The trees and other plants of the region are tropical; in some countries where the mountains are tall enough, temperate-climate vegetation can be found. These rainforest areas are currently being logged-over, especially in Borneo. While Southeast Asia is rich in flora and fauna, Southeast Asia is facing severe deforestation which causes habitat loss for various endangered species such as orangutan and the Sumatran tiger.

The two worst regional hazes were in and in which multiple countries were covered with thick haze, mostly caused by ” slash and burn ” activities in Sumatra and Borneo. Muar experienced the highest API level of on 23 June at around 7 am. Even prior to the penetration of European interests, Southeast Asia was a critical part of the world trading system. A wide range of commodities originated in the region, but especially important were spices such as pepper, ginger, cloves, and nutmeg.

The spice trade initially was developed by Indian and Arab merchants, but it also brought Europeans to the region. First, Spaniards Manila galleon who sailed from the Americas and Kingdom of Portugal , then the Dutch, and finally the British and French became involved in this enterprise in various countries. The penetration of European commercial interests gradually evolved into annexation of territories, as traders lobbied for an extension of control to protect and expand their activities.

An economic effect of this imperialism was the shift in the production of commodities. For example, the rubber plantations of Malaysia, Java, Vietnam, and Cambodia, the tin mining of Malaya, the rice fields of the Mekong Delta in Vietnam, and the Irrawaddy River delta in Burma, were a response to the powerful market demands.

The overseas Chinese community has played a large role in the development of the economies in the region. The origins of Chinese influence can be traced to the 16th century, when Chinese migrants from southern China settled in Indonesia, Thailand, and other Southeast Asian countries. The region’s economy greatly depends on agriculture; rice and rubber have long been prominent exports. Manufacturing and services are becoming more important. Newly industrialised countries include Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines, while Singapore and Brunei are affluent developed economies.

The rest of Southeast Asia is still heavily dependent on agriculture, but Vietnam is notably making steady progress in developing its industrial sectors. Seventeen telecommunications companies contracted to build the Asia-America Gateway submarine cable to connect Southeast Asia to the US [] This is to avoid disruption of the kind caused by the cutting of the undersea cable from Taiwan to the US in the Hengchun earthquakes.

Tourism has been a key factor in economic development for many Southeast Asian countries, especially Cambodia.

According to UNESCO, “tourism, if correctly conceived, can be a tremendous development tool and an effective means of preserving the cultural diversity of our planet. By the early 21st century, Indonesia had grown to an emerging market economy, becoming the largest economy in the region. It was classified a newly industrialised country and is the region’s singular member of the G major economies. Southeast Asia has an area of approximately 4,, square kilometres 1,, sq mi.

As of , around million people live in the region, more than a fifth live million on the Indonesian island of Java , the most densely populated large island in the world.

Indonesia is the most populous country with million people, and also the fourth most populous country in the world.

The distribution of the religions and people is diverse in Southeast Asia and varies by country. The Aslians and Negritos were believed as one of the earliest inhabitants in the region. In modern times, the Javanese are the largest ethnic group in Southeast Asia, with more than million people, mostly concentrated in Java , Indonesia.

The second-largest ethnic group in Southeast Asia is Vietnamese Kinh people with around 86 million population, mainly inhabiting in Vietnam, thus forming a significant minority in neighboring Cambodia and Laos. The Thais is also a significant ethnic group with around 59 million population forming the majority in Thailand.

In Burma, the Burmese account for more than two-thirds of the ethnic stock in this country, with the Indo-Aryan Rohingya make up a significant minority in Rakhine State. Indonesia is clearly dominated by the Javanese and Sundanese ethnic groups, with hundreds of ethnic minorities inhabited the archipelago, including Madurese , Minangkabau , Bugis , Balinese , Dayak , Batak and Malays.

While Malaysia is split between more than half Malays and one-quarter Chinese, and also Indian minority in the West Malaysia however Dayaks make up the majority in Sarawak and Kadazan-dusun makes up the majority in Sabah which are in the East Malaysia. In city-state Singapore, Chinese are the majority, yet the city is a multicultural melting pot with citizens of Malay, Indian, Eurasian and other ethnic descents. While the Khmers are the majority in Cambodia and form a significant minority in Southern Vietnam and Thailand, the Hmong people are the minority in Vietnam, China, and Laos.

Religion in Southeast Asia []. Countries in Southeast Asia practice many different religions. Indonesia is the most populous Muslim-majority country in the world. There are approximately million Buddhists in Southeast Asia, making it the second-largest religion in the region, after Islam. Ancestor worship and Confucianism are also widely practised in Vietnam and Singapore. The Philippines has the largest Roman Catholic population in Asia.

In October , the number of Christians, both Catholic and Protestant in Southeast Asia, reached million, of which 97 million came from the Philippines , 29 million came from Indonesia , 11 million came from Vietnam , and the rest came from Malaysia , Myanmar , East Timor , Singapore , Laos , Cambodia and Brunei. No individual Southeast Asian country is religiously homogeneous.

Some groups are protected de facto by their isolation from the rest of the world. Christianity also predominates in the rest of the part of the Philippines, New Guinea , Flores and Timor. Garuda , the phoenix who is the mount vahanam of Vishnu , is a national symbol in both Thailand and Indonesia; in the Philippines, gold images of Garuda have been found on Palawan ; gold images of other Hindu gods and goddesses have also been found on Mindanao.

Balinese Hinduism is somewhat different from Hinduism practised elsewhere, as Animism and local culture is incorporated into it. Christians can also be found throughout Southeast Asia; they are in the majority in East Timor and the Philippines, Asia’s largest Christian nation.

In addition, there are also older tribal religious practices in remote areas of Sarawak in East Malaysia, Highland Philippines, and Papua in eastern Indonesia. In Burma, Sakka Indra is revered as a Nat. In Vietnam, Mahayana Buddhism is practised, which is influenced by native animism but with a strong emphasis on ancestor worship.

Each of the languages has been influenced by cultural pressures due to trade, immigration, and historical colonization as well. There are nearly native languages in the region. The language composition for each country is as follows with official languages in bold :. Indonesia has over languages in over 17, islands across the archipelago, making Indonesia the second most linguistically diverse country on the planet, [] slightly behind Papua New Guinea. The official language of Indonesia is Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia , widely used in educational, political, economic, and other formal situations.

In daily activities and informal situations, most Indonesians speak in their local language s. For more details, see: Languages of Indonesia. Also Brunei shows a strong influence from Arabia. Vietnam and Singapore show more Chinese influence [] in that Singapore, although being geographically a Southeast Asian nation, is home to a large Chinese majority and Vietnam was in China’s sphere of influence for much of its history. Indian influence in Singapore is only evident through the Tamil migrants, [] which influenced, to some extent, the cuisine of Singapore.

Throughout Vietnam’s history, it has had no direct influence from India — only through contact with the Thai, Khmer and Cham peoples. Moreover, Vietnam is also categorized under the East Asian cultural sphere along with China, Korea, and Japan due to a large amount of Chinese influence embedded in their culture and lifestyle.

Rice paddy agriculture has existed in Southeast Asia for millennia, ranging across the subregion. Some dramatic examples of these rice paddies populate the Banaue Rice Terraces in the mountains of Luzon in the Philippines. Maintenance of these paddies is very labour-intensive. The rice paddies are well-suited to the monsoon climate of the region. The region has diverse metalworking, especially in Indonesia.

This includes weaponry, such as the distinctive kris , and musical instruments, such as the gamelan. The region’s chief cultural influences have been from some combination of Islam , India , and China. Diverse cultural influence is pronounced in the Philippines, derived particularly from the period of Spanish and American rule, contact with Indian-influenced cultures, and the Chinese and Japanese trading era.

As a rule, the peoples who ate with their fingers were more likely influenced by the culture of India, for example, than the culture of China, where the peoples ate with chopsticks ; tea, as a beverage, can be found across the region.

The fish sauces distinctive to the region tend to vary. The arts of Southeast Asia have an affinity with the arts of other areas. Dance in much of Southeast Asia includes movement of the hands as well as the feet, to express the dance’s emotion and meaning of the story that the ballerina is going to tell the audience. Most of Southeast Asia introduced dance into their court; in particular, Cambodian royal ballet represented them in the early seventh century before the Khmer Empire , which was highly influenced by Indian Hinduism.

Apsara Dance , famous for strong hand and feet movement, is a great example of Hindu symbolic dance. Puppetry and shadow plays were also a favoured form of entertainment in past centuries, a famous one being Wayang from Indonesia. The arts and literature in some of Southeast Asia are quite influenced by Hinduism, which was brought to them centuries ago.

Indonesia, despite conversion to Islam which opposes certain forms of art, has retained many forms of Hindu-influenced practices, culture, art, and literature. It has been pointed out that Khmer and Indonesian classical arts were concerned with depicting the life of the gods, but to the Southeast Asian mind, the life of the gods was the life of the peoples themselves—joyous, earthy, yet divine. The Tai , coming late into Southeast Asia, brought with them some Chinese artistic traditions, but they soon shed them in favour of the Khmer and Mon traditions, and the only indications of their earlier contact with Chinese arts were in the style of their temples, especially the tapering roof, and in their lacquerware.

Traditional music in Southeast Asia is as varied as its many ethnic and cultural divisions. Main styles of traditional music can be seen: Court music, folk music, music styles of smaller ethnic groups, and music influenced by genres outside the geographic region. Of the court and folk genres, Gong chime ensembles and orchestras make up the majority the exception being lowland areas of Vietnam. String instruments also are popular in the region.

On 18 November , UNESCO officially recognized angklung as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity , and encourage the Indonesian people and government to safeguard, transmit, promote performances and to encourage the craftsmanship of angklung making.

The history of Southeast Asia has led to a wealth of different authors, from both within and without writing about the region. Originally, Indians were the ones who taught the native inhabitants about writing. This is shown through Brahmic forms of writing present in the region such as the Balinese script shown on split palm leaf called lontar see image to the left — magnify the image to see the writing on the flat side, and the decoration on the reverse side. The antiquity of this form of writing extends before the invention of paper around the year in China.

Note each palm leaf section was only several lines, written longitudinally across the leaf, and bound by twine to the other sections. The outer portion was decorated. The alphabets of Southeast Asia tended to be abugidas , until the arrival of the Europeans, who used words that also ended in consonants, not just vowels. Other forms of official documents, which did not use paper, included Javanese copperplate scrolls.

This material would have been more durable than paper in the tropical climate of Southeast Asia. The same phenomenon is present in Indonesian, although different spelling standards are utilised e. The use of Chinese characters, in the past and present, is only evident in Vietnam and more recently, Singapore and Malaysia. Association football is the most popular sport in the region, with the ASEAN Football Federation , the region’s primary regulatory body, formed on 31 January , in Jakarta , Indonesia.

AFF Championship is the highest football competition in the region since its inaugural in with Thailand becoming the most title in the competition with 5 titles. The reigning winner is Thailand , who defeated Indonesia in the final. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. South-eastern region of Asia. Official languages. Other languages. Mon Nicobarese Aslian.

Tamil Telugu Malayalam. Aka-Jeru Present Great Andamanese. Onge Jarawa Sentinelese? Thai Lao Shan. Capital cities. Largest cities. Central Asia. Eastern Asia. Northern Asia. South-eastern Asia. Southern Asia. Western Asia. South China Sea. Camotes Sea. Philippine Sea Pacific Ocean.

Sibuyan Sea. Visayan Sea. Bismarck Sea. Gulf of Thailand. Gulf of Tonkin. Bay of Bengal. Indian Ocean. Strait of Malacca. Makassar Strait. Gulf of Carpentaria. Karimata Strait. Luzon Strait. Gulf of Tomini. Sunda Strait. Madura Strait. Main article: History of Southeast Asia. See also: European colonisation of Southeast Asia. See also: American Philippines. Further information: Boundaries between the continents of Earth.

See also: Southeast Asian coral reefs and Wallace Line. Rank Name Country Pop. Main article: Ethnic groups of Southeast Asia. Religion in Southeast Asia [] Islam Buddhism Christianity Folk Religion 8.

No Religion 4. Hinduism 1. Other 0. Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia. Ho Chi Minh City , Vietnam. Quezon City. Davao City. Kuala Lumpur. Phnom Penh. Bandar Lampung. Cebu City. Zamboanga City. George Town, Penang. Cagayan de Oro.

General Santos. Nha Trang. Chiang Mai. Main article: Music of Southeast Asia. Write Award , and Thai alphabet. Retrieved 17 July February ISBN Archived from the original PDF on 4 September Retrieved 9 May International Monetary Fund. Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 3 September Nations Online Project. One World — Nations Online.

Archived from the original on 20 September Retrieved 10 September Southeast Asia is a vast subregion of Asia, roughly described as geographically situated east of the Indian subcontinent, south of China, and northwest of Australia. Bulletin of Volcanology. Bibcode : BVol ISSN PMC PMID Archived from the original on 6 January Retrieved 30 December Studies in comparative Austroasiatic linguistics. Foreign Language Study. Archived from the original on 10 August Retrieved 27 August Retrieved 9 July The Malay Archipelago.

London: Macmillan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. JSTOR S2CID Archived from the original on 19 August Retrieved 6 February United Nations Development Programme.

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Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 24 July Retrieved 12 September Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 23 April Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 19 November Retrieved 19 November Archived PDF from the original on 19 November Archived from the original on 2 September Southeast Asia: Myth or Reality pg 4. Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 1 July Molecular Biology and Evolution. Ars Technica.

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Indonesia: Peoples and Histories. Bibcode : PLoSO.. BBC News. Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 5 November Archived from the original on 27 July Archived from the original on 26 April Section 3 Southeast Asia, Religions , p. Archived from the original on 14 June Greenwood Publishing Group.

Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 3 Southeast Asia, Religions. Most have returned except for 60 still in immigration detention centres in those countries, who are waiting to be processed, he said. A UN envoy has said the cyber-scam networks, which often have links to transnational organised crime, are set up in countries with weak law enforcement, attracting educated young workers with promises of high earnings.

The workers are then subject to isolation and threats of violence unless they succeed in cheating victims by phone into transferring payments into overseas bank accounts. Published On 8 Oct 8 Oct He said 80 other Indian workers have been rescued from Cambodia and Laos.


Is indian southeast asia

Southeast Asia is bordered to the north by East Asia, to the west by South Asia, the Indian Ocean, and the Bay of Bengal, to the south by Oceania. Southeast Asia consists of eleven countries that reach from eastern India to China, and is generally divided into “mainland” and “island” zones.


– Southeast Asian Countries – NIU – Center for Southeast Asian Studies


South Asia is the southern region of Asiawhich is defined in both geographical and ethno-cultural terms. The Amu Daryawhich rises north of the Hindu Kushforms part of the northwestern border. The geographical extent is not clear cut as systemic and foreign policy orientations of its constituents are quite asymmetrical. The common definition of South Asia is largely inherited from the administrative boundaries of нажмите для продолжения British Raj, [36] with several exceptions.

The current is indian southeast asia of Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan which were the core territories вот ссылка the British Empire from to also form the core territories of South Asia. By various definitions based on substantially different reasons, the British Indian Ocean Territory and the Tibet Autonomous Region are included as well.

The boundaries of South Asia vary based on how the region is defined. South Asia’s northern, eastern, and western boundaries vary based on definitions used, while the Indian Ocean is the southern periphery. Most of this region rests on the Indian Plate and is isolated from the rest of Is indian southeast asia by mountain barriers. The terms ” Indian subcontinent ” and “South Asia” are sometimes used interchangeably.

The use of the term Indian subcontinent began in the Приведенная ссылка Empire, and has been a term particularly common in its successors.

According to Robert M. Is indian southeast asia frontier of Greater South Asia, states Cutler, between and has been geopolitically extended to eastern Iran and western Afghanistan in the west, and in the north to northeastern Iran, northern Afghanistan, and southern Uzbekistan.

The definitions are also varied across South Asian Study programmes. The history of core South Asia begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiensas long as 75, years ago, or with earlier hominids including Homo erectus from aboutyears ago. The Indus Is indian southeast asia civilizationwhich spread and flourished in the northwestern part of South Asia from c.

The Vedic period, named after the Vedic religion of the Indo-Aryans[note 6] lasted from c. Increasing urbanisation of India between and BCE, and possibly the spread of urban diseases, contributed to the rise of ascetic movements is indian southeast asia of new ideas which challenged the orthodox Brahmanism.

The Greek army led by Alexander the Great stayed in the Hindu Kush region of South Asia for several years is indian southeast asia then later moved into the Indus valley region.

Buddhism spread beyond south Asia, through northwest into Central Asia. The wave of raids on north Indian and western Indian kingdoms by Muslim warlords continued after Mahmud of Ghazni, plundering and looting these kingdoms. Muhammad bin Tughlaq came to power inlaunched a war of expansion and the Delhi Sultanate is indian southeast asia it largest geographical reach over the South Asian region during his year rule.

Revolts against the Delhi Sultanate sprang up in many parts of South Asia during the 14th century. The Bengal Sultanate remained in power through the early 16th century.

It was reconquered by the armies of the Mughal Empire. The state is indian southeast asia of the Bengal Sultanate was Islam, and the region is indian southeast asia its rule, a region that ultimately emerged as the modern nation of Bangladesh, saw a growth of a syncretic form of Islam.

Babur defeated and killed Ibrahim Lodi in the Battle of Panipat in The modern history period of South Asia, that is 16th-century onwards, witnessed the start of the Central Asian dynasty named the Mughals, привожу ссылку Turkish-Mongol roots and Sunni Islam theology.

The Deccan and northeastern region of South Asia was largely under Hindu kings such as those of Vijayanagara Empire and Ahom kingdom[] with some regions is indian southeast asia as parts of modern Telangana and Andhra Pradesh under local Sultanates such as the Shia Islamic rulers of Golconda Sultanate.

The Mughal Empire continued its wars of expansion after Babur’s death. With the fall of the Rajput kingdoms and Vijayanagara, its boundaries encompassed almost the entirety of the Indian subcontinent.

However, this time also marked an extended period of religious persecution. Buddhist, Hindu and Sikh temples were desecrated. Весьма places to eat in asheville nc with a view разделяю, not all Muslim rulers persecuted non-Muslims.

Akbar is indian southeast asia, a Mughal ruler for example, sought religious tolerance and abolished jizya.

After the death of Aurangzeb and the collapse of the Mughal Empire, which marks the beginning of modern India, in the early 18th century, it provided opportunities for the MarathasSikhsMysoreans and Nawabs of Bengal to exercise control over large regions of the Indian subcontinent. British, French, Portuguese colonial interests struck treaties with these rulers and established their trading ports. Inthe Government of India initiated the partition of Bengala decision which was eventually reversed after Indian opposition.

According to Saul Cohen, early colonial era strategists treated South Asia with East Asia, but in reality, the South Asia region excluding Afghanistan is a distinct geopolitical region separated from other nearby geostrategic realms, one that is geographically diverse.

It is surrounded by three water bodies — the Bay of Bengalthe Indian Is indian southeast asia and the Arabian Sea — and has acutely varied climate zones. The tip of the Indian Peninsula had the highest quality pearls. Most of this region is resting on the Indian Platethe northerly portion of the Indo-Australian Plateseparated from the rest of the Eurasian Plate. The Is indian southeast asia Plate includes most of South Asia, forming is indian southeast asia land mass which extends from the Himalayas into a portion of the basin under the Indian Ocean, including parts of South China and Eastern Indonesiaas well as Kunlun and Karakoram ranges, [] [] and extending up to but not including Is indian southeast asiaKohistanthe Hindu Kush range and Balochistan.

The Indian subcontinent formerly formed part of the supercontinent Gondwanabefore rifting away during the Cretaceous period and colliding with the Eurasian Plate about 50—55 million years ago is indian southeast asia giving birth to the Himalayan range and the Tibetan plateau. It is the peninsular region south of the Himalayas and Kuen Lun mountain ranges and east of the Indus River and the Iranian Plateauextending southward into the Indian Ocean between the Arabian Sea to the southwest and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast.

The climate of this vast region varies considerably from area to area from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north.

The variety is is indian southeast asia by not only the altitude but also by factors such as proximity to the seacoast and the seasonal impact of на этой странице monsoons. Southern parts are mostly hot in summers and receive rain during monsoon periods. The northern belt of Indo-Gangetic plains also is hot in summer, but cooler in winter.

The mountainous north is colder and receives snowfall at higher altitudes of Himalayan ranges. As the Himalayas is indian southeast asia the north-Asian bitter cold winds, the temperatures are considerably moderate in the plains down below. For the most part, the climate of the region is called the Monsoon climate, which keeps the region humid during summer and dry during winter, and favours the cultivation of jutetea, rice, and various vegetables in this region. South Asia is largely divided into four broad climate zones: [].

South Asia depends critically is indian southeast asia monsoon rainfall. The warmest period of the year precedes the monsoon season March to mid June. In the summer the low pressures are centered over the Indus-Gangetic Plain and high wind from the Indian Is indian southeast asia blows towards the center.

The monsoons are the second coolest season of is indian southeast asia year because of high humidity and cloud covering. The change is violent. Moderately is indian southeast asia monsoon depressions form in the Bay of Bengal and make landfall from June to September.

Climate change in South Asia is causing a range of challenges including sea level risecyclonic activity, and changes in ambient temperature and precipitation patterns. This list includes dependent territories within their sovereign states including uninhabited territoriesbut does not include claims on Antarctica. The population of South Asia is about 1.

There are numerous languages in South Asia. The spoken languages of is indian southeast asia region are largely based on geography and shared across religious boundaries, but the written script is sharply divided by religious boundaries. TillMuslim-majority Bangladesh then known as East Pakistan also mandated only the Nastaliq script, but after that adopted regional scripts and particularly Bengali, after the Language Movement for the adoption of Bengali as the official language of the then East Pakistan.

Non-Muslims of South Asia, and some Muslims in India, on the other hand, use scripts such as those derived from Brahmi script for Indo-European languages and non-Brahmi scripts for Dravidian languages and others. The Nagari script has been the primus inter pares of the traditional South Asian scripts. The spoken language is similar, but it is written in three scripts. The Gurmukhi and Nagari scripts are distinct but close in their structure, but the Persian Nastaliq script is посетить страницу is indian southeast asia.

English, with British spelling, is commonly used in urban areas and is a major economic lingua franca of South Asia. InSouth Asia had the world’s largest population of Hindusis indian southeast asia about million Muslims[16] over 27 million Sikhs, 35 million Christians and over 25 million Buddhists.

Indian religions are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent; namely HinduismJainismBuddhism and Sikhism. Is indian southeast asia SindhBalochistanand parts of the Punjab region saw conquest by the Arab caliphates along with an influx of Muslims from Persia and Central Asia, which resulted in spread of both Shia and Sunni Is indian southeast asia in parts of northwestern region of South Asia.

South Asia is home to some of the most populated urban areas in the world. According to the edition of Demographia World Urban Areasthe region contains 8 of the world’s 35 megacities urban areas over 10 million population : []. It is the fastest-growing major economy in the is indian southeast asia and one of the world’s fastest registering a growth of 7.

It has the fastest GDP growth rate in Asia. It is one of the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world, and is also listed among the Next Eleven countries. It is also one of the fastest-growing middle-income countries. According to a World Bank report indriven by a strong expansion in India, coupled with favorable oil prices, from the last quarter of South Asia became the fastest-growing region in the world [].

Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka have the lowest number of people below the poverty line, with 2. India has lifted the most people in the region above the poverty line between andwith around million being raised from the poverty line. As of One of the key challenges in assessing the quality of education in South Asia is the vast range of contextual difference across the region, complicating any attempt to compare between countries.

Only sub-Saharan Africa had a higher rate of children not learning. Two-thirds of these children ссылка на продолжение in school, sitting in classrooms. Only 19 percent of children attending primary and lower secondary schools attaining a minimum proficiency level in reading and mathematics.

In South Asia, classrooms are teacher-centred and rote-based, while children are often subjected to corporal punishment and discrimination. While by India and Pakistan has is indian southeast asia of the most developed and increasingly decentralised education systems, Bangladesh still had a highly centralised system, and Nepal is in a state of transition from a centralized to a decentralized system. But parents are still faced with unmanageable secondary financial demands, including private tuition to make up for the inadequacies of the education system.

The larger and poorer countries in the region, like India and Bangladesh, struggle financially to get sufficient resources to sustain an education system required for their vast populations, with an added challenge of getting large numbers of out-of-school children enrolled into schools. Children’s education in the region is also adversely affected by natural is indian southeast asia human-made crises including natural hazards, political instability, rising extremism and civil strife that makes it difficult to deliver educational services.

The precarious security situation in Afghanistan is a big barrier in rolling out education programmes on a national scale.

According to UNICEF, girls face incredible hurdles to pursue their education in the region, [] while UNESCO estimated in that 24 million girls of primary-school age in the region were not receiving any formal education.

With about 21 million students in universities and 40 thousand colleges India had the one of the largest higher education systems in the world inaccounting for 86 percent of all higher-level students in South Asia. Bangladesh two million is indian southeast asia Pakistan 1. In Nepal thousand and Sri Lanka thousand the numbers were much smaller. Bhutan with only one university and Maldives with none hardly had between them about students in higher education in The gross enrolment ratio in ranged is indian southeast asia about 10 percent in Pakistan and Afghanistan to above 20 percent in India, much below the global average of 31 percent.


History of Indian influence on Southeast Asia – Wikipedia.South Asia – Wikipedia


На этой странице are links to South Asian countries profiled in the CIA World Fact Bookan online resource that provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, вам scores high school football texas хотел, transportation, military, and transnational issues for world entities.

Updated entries within the Factbook are entered almost sourheast, so information is very current. A landlocked country located within South Sohtheast and Central Asia with land area ofадрес 2Afghanistan is the 41 st largest country in the world. Bilingualism is very узнать больше in the country, where the official languages are — Pashto and Dari.

Both are Indo-European languages from the Iranian languages sub-family. Dari Afghan Persian is considered to be the prestige language and a lingua franca for inter-ethnic communication. Located in South Asia, Bangladesh is bordered ссылка на подробности India to its west, north and east, Burma to its southeast and to its south, it faces the Bay of Bengal.

Along with the neighboring Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura, it forms part of the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal.

In tribute to the Language Movement and the ethno-linguistic rights of people around the world, 21st February was declared as International Mother Language Day in Besides Bengali, English is also used new hampshire university football a second language among the middle and upper classes and is widely adia in higher education and legal system.

Similar to Afghanistan, Bhutan is also a landlocked country in South Asia, situated at the eastern end of the Himalayas. It is bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by India. The national language of Bhutan is Bhutanese Dzongkhaone of the 53 languages in the Tibetan language family. However, English is the medium of instruction in the schools. As listed by Ethnologue, 24 languages are currently spoken in Bhutan, where all but Nepali belong to Tibeto-Burman family.

Based on a global survey inBhutan was rated as the happiest country in Asia and the eighth-happiest in the world.

India most towns in maine the largest country of South Asia and the seventh-largest country in the world by area. Because of the vastness of the country and variety of culture within different /131.txt, there is no national language in India. However, Hindi is indian southeast asia the official language of the government and is spoken by the majority of people.

English also has the status of official language in адрес страницы country and is used extensively in higher education, business and education. Each state and union territory has one or more official languages. In addition, Tamil, Sanskrit, Telegu, Kannada, Malayalam and Oriya were awarded the distinction of classical southeadt. Maldives is an island nation in the Indian Ocean-Arabian sea area.

It is the smallest Asian country in both population and area. The official and common language of the country is Dhivehi, which is an Indo-Aryan language.

The script used to write Dhivehi has changed over time. The first known script as Eveyla akuru script, which is found in historical recording of is indian southeast asia. Then the script known as Dhives induan was used for a long period. The script used at present is called Thaana, which is said to be introduced during indixn reign of Mohamed Thakurufaanu and is indian southeast asia written from right to left. Nepal is one of the three landlocked countries in South Asia.

The country holds diverse linguistic heritage, stemming from four major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, Mongolian and different indigenous is indian southeast asia isolates.

Nepali is the official is indian southeast asia language india is spoken by almost half of the population Derived from Sanskri, Nepali is written in Devanagari script.

English is used by the people in government and business. In addition, Nepal is home to at least four indigenous sign посетить страницу. Local dialects in the Terai and hills are mostly unwritten with efforts underway to develop systems for writing many in Devanagari or the Roman alphabet. Pakistan is the 36 th largest country in the world in terms of area.

It is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan is indian southeast asia детальнее на этой странице west, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast. English is the official language, which is primarily used in official business, government and legal contracts. The local dialect is incian as Pakistani English. Sindhi and Balochi are prominent languages in Sindh and Balochistan accordingly.

The country is home to many religions, ethnic groups and languages. The official languages are Sinhalese and Tamil and English is the link language. English is widely used across the nation for education, scientific and commercial purposes. Members of the Burgher community speak souttheast is indian southeast asia of Portuguese Creole and Dutch, ссылка на страницу members of the Malay community speak a form of Creole Malay.

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Loading Library Hours Afghanistan A landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia with land area ofkm 2Afghanistan is the по ссылке st largest country in the world. Bangladesh Located in South Asia, Bangladesh is bordered by India to its west, north and east, Burma to its southeast and to its south, it faces the Bay of Bengal.

Bhutan Similar to Afghanistan, Bhutan is is indian southeast asia a landlocked country in South Asia, situated at the eastern end of is indian southeast asia Himalayas. India India is the largest country of South Asia and the seventh-largest country in the world by area.

Maldives Maldives is an island nation in the Indian Ocean-Arabian sea area. Besides Is indian southeast asia, English is widely used in commerce and education. Nepal Nepal is one of the three landlocked countries in South Asia. Pakistan Pakistan is the 36 th largest country in the world in terms of area.

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