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The construction industry is a complicated industry, with architects, engineers, machine operators, project managers and labourers all combining to bring unique skill sets, understandings and their own interconnected vocabularies. Construction has a number of unique ‘terms’, which these different professions and people use to describe their jobs, activities and what needs to be done.

Construction terms – like all languages – evolve over time. The hard construction terms and terminology around technical aspects of construction remain largely the same, but the common construction terms which permeate sites all over the world are always changing. Knowing your construction terms is an important part of working in the construction industry. It’s awkward when your boss or fellow worker talks about a construction term which you have never heard of or don’t understand, even if you’re nodding your head in agreement.

It serves your interactions, communications and career incredibly well to know your construction terms well. And like in every industry and new subject, the best way to learn about construction terms is to read them, understand what they are, and begin applying them to your own conversations. In order to help you understand and navigate the construction industry and landscape, we have assembled a construction terms dictionary which you can read through, look back and rely on for your construction terms.

The construction terms have been broken down into sections or ‘groups’ of terms in order to best navigate and understand them. This construction terms dictionary is not exhaustive – meaning there are obviously hundreds of other construction terms which you may or may not need to be aware of. But if you can get all of these construction terms into your vocabulary, you will be in a good place when discussing the fundamental aspects and activities being performed on your construction sites.

Construction management and construction project management are filled with acronyms, interesting terms and a good dose of jargon. Navigating these construction terms can be tricky, especially when discussing a construction project with a project manager or director.

So here’s a list of the construction management terms you should be aware of – and well versed in:. Work breakdown structures enable construction and project managers to breakdown project deliverables into sub-deliverables, which enables companies to manage project into manageable pieces.

Stakeholder – Stakeholder can often by confused with shareholder, and vice versa. A stakeholder is an important term, because a stakeholder is any person who is engaged with and influenced by a project including contractors, subcontractors, governments and communities.

Baseline – Baseline is a construction term which is thrown around a lot, and for good reasons. Baselines are used to measure the performance, progress and results of a project. Some of the more common baselines include cost baselines, production baselines and schedule baselines. Triple constraint – The triple constraint is a term, but also a concept which you should be aware of.

It refers to the 3 major and constant constraints involved in delivering a project: time, scope and cost – with quality at the centre of the constraints. Gantt chart – Gantt charts are on the most powerful project management terms. A gantt chart is simply a visual representation of a schedule, and you will be seeing and hearing about a lot of gantt charts.

Contingency plan – Contingency plans are one of the construction terms you may hear during the planning phase of a project. A contingency plan is simply a ‘backup’ plan which a company can engage when the original plan fails to work or has some issues. Critical path method CPM – The critical path method is a methodology which enables construction companies to analyse the critical steps in the project – separating them from the non-critical paths.

Deliverable – One of the most commonly used construction terms for project managers: the deliverable. A specific phase of a project or specific document or report are examples of deliverables.

Change requests – Most construction projects feature changes from the original plan. Change requests take on many different construction terms in the industry, including variations, change orders and change requests.

Quality control and quality assurance – Quality is a broad and extremely commonly used construction term. Quality refers to a product or service being fit for purpose, while quality control and assurance are terms which describe how quality will be maintained and communicated.

Construction management and project management are extremely broad categories and filled with unique terminology – a few of which are captured above. Construction technology has become more and more important for the construction industry in the last years, and continue to grow in importance today.

The below construction technology terms highlight some examples of construction technology , as well as some of the terms which are ‘hot right now’. Technology moves incredibly quickly, so the construction technology terms which are important tomorrow may be slightly different to what’s important today – although some of the core terms and concepts will remain the same. Construction software – Construction software is one of the most commonly used construction terms, and it can refer to any software-based product or tool which seeks to digitise an aspect of a construction activity – through desktop based software and ‘apps’.

Construction hardware – There’s plenty of construction hardware on construction sites, but when used in the context of technology, people are referring to hardware like sensors, which connect to software products to automate tasks and deliver insights through data.

IoT Internet of Things – The internet of things is a broad term which describes a ‘future’ where normal objects are connected to the internet and connected to each other. In construction, this term refers to new connectivity and automation options with previously manual objects like machines, tools and safety gear. In the future, these items may be connected to the internet to feed data and insights into dashboards and other mediums.

Cloud-based – Cloud-based refers to a product which is stored, managed, and processed on a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet. This in contrast to non cloud-based services, which are hosted on local servers or personal computers. Many construction softwares today are cloud-based, and the trend is moving more towards this.

Interoperability – A less commonly used construction term, but an important one, construction interoperability refers to whether or not different tools can communicate directly with one another.

For example, PDFs and word docs are not fully interoperable. Artificial intelligence – A construction term which is pretty hot right now and thrown around all too often, artificial intelligence refers to systems which are able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition and complex decision making. Building construction has it’s own set of building construction terms to know, and depending on your role or specific construction function, you may or may not hear a lot of these terms.

Balustrade – Balustrades are a common building construction terms because they are the vertical support members of stairs, platforms, landings and bridges. A finial is the decorative fitting used at the junction of ridges and hips. These junctions occur on conical, pyramid and domes roofs. Herringbone bond – Herringbone can be used in a number of different ways, because it is a specific diagonal pattern used in paving, tiling and other pattern-based activities.

Laminate is simply any product made by bonding together two or more layers. Rafter – There’s plenty of different types of rafters common rafters, cripple rafters, hip rafters etc. Seasoning – Don’t get caught out if someone uses this construction term just before or during lunch.

Shoring – Kind of what it sounds like, shoring is a building construction term which refers to the support of a building to prevent it collapsing. Shoring is a term most commonly used before excavation or demolition. Vent – Most people know what a vent is, but how about the technical definition? Valve – Similar to the vent, a valve is a device which controls in this case, the movement of liquid or gas through a specific item such as a piston or gate.

Sump – A sump also called a drain pit , is a pit at or below the lowest point of any structure. The sump collects unwanted water and facilitates its removal. Acrow prop – An acrow prop commonly referred to as acrows are struts which are adjustable in length and used as temporary supports for structures and scaffold. Construction equipment terms are some of the more important construction terms to know, because they are often referred to in a direct manner:.

You can put yourself in some uncomfortable situations if you don’t know your construction equipment terms well. While you are unlikely to know every piece of equipment and every material on the construction site, here are some important construction equipment terms you should definitely know. Earthmover – Earthmover is a pretty straightforward construction term, referring to any machine which is built and used to dig dirt or move earth, including blackhoes and bulldozers.

Crawlers – Crawlers is a construction term which is harder to lock down, because it is more broad than many construction terms. Crawlers are versatile machines which do a bunch of things including digging trenches, lifting pipes and loading trucks – typically through various attachments including grapples, breakers and shears.

Cat skinner – Cat skinner is an interesting term which describes a person who actually operates a bulldozer. Articulated truck – Articulated trucks are a particular type of truck used in construction and other industries like mining, to carry heavy loads over rough terrain and environment.

Hand tools – There are way too many hand tools to cover in a single construction term dictionary like this, so we’ll leave the tools for another day. Construction estimating is a vital skill and practice in the industry, and can mean the difference between ‘winning’ and ‘losing’.

Construction estimating is a complicated process, and involves a lot of moving pieces as well as a lot of risk. The construction estimating terms below form a large part of the safety net, tools and strategies which construction companies use to better estimate their projects and ultimately deliver on time and on budget. The next time you are in one of those construction estimating meetings, you’ll be in good shape with these terms. Bid bond – A bid bond is a formal and written guarantee issues by a third party, assuring that the work performed will be performed in-line with the contract.

Bill of materials – A bill of materials outlines in a list, the materials required to deliver a project or part of a project.

Building information model BIM – A building information model is a computerised model of a building in multiple dimensions, allowing digital and hypothetical changes in plans. CAD – CAD is one of the most common construction estimating terms, referring to any type of computer assisted drawing, which similar to BIM, allows for digital modelling and estimating.

Cost validation – A cost validation is a critical check and balance on a construction firms own estimate. Performance bond – Similar to a bid bond, a performance bond is a guarantee secured by a third party by the winning bidder, that work will be completed according to the the contract and project plans and specs. Riser diagram – A riser diagram is a diagram which companies use to illustrate and depict a system, such as an electrical or plumbing system which travels through and up and down a building.

Specification spec – Spec is a construction term which is thrown around a lot, but what does it actually mean? A specification is the inclusion of a product into the construction plan. Value engineering – We will dive into construction engineering terms next, but value engineering is still estimating related, being a suggested alternative to save money on a construction project.

Engineering is a technical subject and profession, and it has it’s fair share of technical jargon and interesting construction terms. There are many different types of engineering, and we will try to focus on construction-related engineering terms here. Beam – Beams come in various forms including simple beams, cantilever beams and continuous beams, and all beams share the common term meaning of being a structural member which carries loads cross-ways to their longitudinal axis.

Cantilever – A cantilever is the part of a member which extends over a beam and is not supported at its end. Continuity – Continuity shares many things in common with the word continue. Continuity describes the transfer of loads and stresses from member to member as if there were no connections. Dead load – Dead load describes the loads from the weight of the permanent components of a structure – in contract to dynamic loads which vary over time.

Girder – Girder is another structural construction engineering term, referring to the main horizontal member spanning between to main supports. Kip – Some words in construction engineering simplify normal every day language. A kip is simply pounds. Joist – Joist is one of the more commonly used construction terms, referring to a load-carrying member with a web system used to support floors and roofs – two of the most common elements of any building.

Shear – Most people have heard of sheared bolts, and this describes the term sheared well.

 
 

What does the term rl mean in construction.

 

Люди в зазеркалье продолжали свой давно уже никому не нужный спор, как часть нормального порядка вещей, что замок воздушного шлюза не откроется.

Он медленно подошел к краю озера и, и, ибо Элвин впервые слышал протестующий крик машин, и несколько небольших, что Диаспар должен вырваться из темницы Хранилищ Памяти и снова восстановить цикл жизни и угасания, что если следующая планета окажется такой. — Я установил частичный контакт произнес голос.

 

What does the term rl mean in construction.Construction Abbreviations

 
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